The  Legions’ Coining

 

In the periods of both civil and social war it was of primary importance to the contenders to keep the loyalty of their troops high. Paying the soldiers their salaries was an extremely important factor; in fact, even though regular salaries didn’t guarantee 100% loyalty, beyond a doubt they contributed to that more than pure ideal

Throughout the history of the Roman Republiconly on three occasions was money coined outside the mint of Rome: during the second punic war, during the second civil war between Sulla and his opponents and during the civil war of 49 – 31 b.C.

The armies’s itinerant coining, during the period of the second punic war, took place under the full control of the Roman state. Livy reports that at the request of money from the governors of Sicily and Sardinia, the Roman government ordered them to provide for it in autonomy in order to prevent the money from falling into the enemy’s hands during the shipping. There’s nothing in these coins that shows the faintest hint that the commanders claimed the right to strike coins for themselves.

Completely different are the mintages of Sulla and those made during the following civil war, which have to be considered illegal because the Roman mint’s privilege to coin money was usurped.

Sulla didn’t coin money earlier than 83 b.C. when he invades Italy. Similarly, Ceasar, in 49 b.C. crossing the Rubicon, accompanies this fatal decision by choosing to coin his own currency. During the following civil war the mint of Rome ceases even to work from 40 to 36 b.C., completely surpassed by the self-financing capacity of the protagonists of the war.

In its original vocation, this legions’ coinage was minted during military campaigns and it legally lived off the exceptional authority which was bestowed to the legion’s supreme commanders, who produced coins with the assistance of their quaestors or pro-quaestor.

 

Whithin this activity we made the the coinage of an originale ancient republican silver coin, that we produce "live" during our events, from the melting of the metal until the hammering of the coin.

This is the coin we make:

MINUCIA – QUINTUS MINUCIUS THERMUS - 103 a.C.

This coin celebrates the glory of an ancestor of the coin-maker who fought against the Liguri people and was a consul in 193 b.C

                    Mars' Head Q.THERM. M.F. (Quintus Thermus, Marci Filius); Two warriors fighting a duel. Between them a wounded roman warrior